Edward Gibbon wrote and I paraphrase: I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. I know no way of judging of the future but by looking into history.
Let us begin:
1553 Mary I also known as Bloody Mary replaces Fifteen-year-old Lady Jane Grey as Queen of England. Also known as Bloody Mary due to her brutal persecution of Protestants, Mary I was the only child of Catherine of Aragon and Henry III.
1799 – The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, was found in Egypt.
1843 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world.
1848 1st US women’s rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
1866 Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights.
1870 Franco-Prussian War starts. The war involving France, under Napoleon and the Kingdom of Prussia began with French declaration of war. The war lasted for 9 months and ended with a German victory.
1941 British PM Winston Churchill launches his “V for Victory” campaign.
1942 German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their positions along the Atlantic coast of the United States in response to the effective American convoy system.
1943 During World War II, more than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 bombers attacked Rome for the first time.
1974 The House Judiciary Committee recommended that U.S. President Richard Nixon should stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges against him.
1979 In Nicaragua, the dictatorship of the Somozas was overthrown by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional or FSLN).
1984 Geraldine Ferraro was nominated by the Democratic Party to become the first woman from a major political party to run for the office of U.S. Vice-President.
1985 Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. She died with six others when the Challenger exploded the following year.