Maya Angelou wrote: History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, however, if faced with courage, need not be lived again.
1809 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva.
1918 Tsar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks, bringing an end to the three-century-old Romanov dynasty.
1926 The first underwater color photographs appeared in “National Geographic” magazine. The pictures had been taken near the Florida Keys.
1940 Adolf Hitler ordered the preparations to begin on the invasion of England, known as Operation Sea Lion.
1942 French police officers rounded up 13,000 Jews and held them in the Winter Velodrome. The round-up was part of an agreement between Pierre Laval and the Nazis. Germany had agreed to not deport French Jews if France arrested foreign Jews.
1945 The United States detonated the first atomic bomb in a test at Alamogordo, NM.
1950 The largest crowd in sporting history was 199,854. They watched the Uruguay defeat Brazil in the World Cup soccer finals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1951 The Catcher in the Rye is published. The book, written by J.D. Salinger is considered to be one of the top 100 works of fiction of the 20th century.
1969 Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, FL, and began the first manned mission to land on the moon.
1973 During a senate investigation into the Watergate Affair a former White House aide reveals the existence of a secret taping system which would contain tapes possibly incriminating President Nixon.
1979 Following a period of building his power base in Iraq Saddam Hussein forces the ailing president of Iraq (al-Bakr) to resign and takes over as the president of Iraq.
1981 After 23 years with the name Datsun, executives of Nissan changed the name of their cars to Nissan.
1984 President Ferdinand E Marcos wearing full battle fatigues led his troops to battle communist rebels in forested mountains.
1995 Amazon.com Sells its First Book. The first book sold by the Internet giant was Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought by Douglas Hofstadter.
2004 Martha Stewart is sentenced to five months in prison and a two year period of supervised release (to include five months of home confinement) by a federal judge in New York for conspiracy, obstruction of an agency proceeding, and making false statements to federal investigators.
2005 J.K. Rowling’s book “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince” was released. It was the sixth in the Harry Potter series. The book sold 6.9 million copies on its first day of release.