Adolf_Hitler_meets_Ante_Pavelić.1941
Adolf_Hitler_meets_Ante_Pavelić.1941/ commons wikimedia

Eckhard Pfeiffer wrote: “Today is either the beginning of the end, or the end of the beginning. Today we are making history.” I don’t know what he means but it sounds really smart.

On this day:

1870 The first Vatican Council, also known as Vatican I, decrees the doctrine of Papal infallibility
The doctrine claims that the Pope cannot err when speaking on issues of morality and/ or faith.

1925 Nazi leader Adolf Hitler publishes the first volume of his personal manifesto, Mein Kampf which was a hateful narrative filled with anti-Semitic outpourings the blueprints for his plan of Nazi world domination.

Display_of_Copies_of_Hitlers_Mein_Kampf_-_Documentation_Center_in_Congress_Hall_-_Nuremberg-Nurnberg_-_Germany
Display_of_Copies_of_Hitlers_Mein_Kampf_-_Documentation_Center_in_Congress_Hall_-_Nuremberg-Nurnberg_-_Germany/ commonw wikiemedia

1936 The Spanish Civil War starts as a revolt by right wing Spanish military officers in Morocco which spreads to mainland Spain. From the Canary Islands, General Francisco Franco broadcasts a message calling for all army officers to join the uprising and overthrow Spain’s leftist Republican government.

1948 Possibly one of the greatest racing drivers (Juan Manuel Fangio) from Argentina started his career making his Formula One debut finishing 12th at the Grand Prix de l’ACF in France. He went on to win five Formula One titles.

Juan Manuel Fangio
Juan Manuel Fangio/ commons wikimedia

1968 Intel is founded. Founded in Santa Clara, California, the Intel corporation is the world’s largest semiconductor chip manufacturer.

1993 Agathe Uwilingiyimana elected as Prime Minister of Rwanda. Rwanda’s only female prime minister’s tenure was cut short when she was assassinated at the outset of the Rwandan genocide.

Agathe_Uwilingiyimana
Agathe_Uwilingiyimana/ commons wikimedia

2003 Basketball star Kobe Bryant is charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year-old hotel employee at a hotel in Edwards, Colorado. Charge dropped because the woman did not want to go ahead with a trial.

Kobe_Bryant
Kobe_Bryant/ commons wikimedia

2006 This day marks the final withdraw of Japanese troops from Iraq. The Japanese troops could only contribute on humanitarian and reconstruction fronts during their stay in Iraq because of their constitution, which disallows the use of force in international disputes.

2008 After deliberation, Nepal’s assembly was unable to elect a president on this day. This particular election was important because it came only months after the country abolished its monarchy.

2013 Nelson Mandela spent his 95th birthday in the hospital as he was being treated for a lung infection.

Nelson_Mandela_2000_5
Nelson_Mandela_2000_5/ commons wikimedia

2012 Kim Jong-Un is officially appointed Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People’s Army.

Kim_Jong-Un_Photorealistic-Sketch
Kim_Jong-Un_Photorealistic-Sketch/ commons wikimedia

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